There's no escaping it, termites are a very destructive pest and with one out of three South Australian homes having them lurking in the garden and one out of five homes suffering structural damage due to termites, it is a real and present threat. On average the damage bill can easily go into the thousands of dollars before an infestation is found. Recent statistics have shown that in Australia alone the damage bill for termites has hit an alarmingly half a billion dollars. So it just makes sense to guard your biggest investment from the ravages that termite can inflict upon an unprotected home.
Subterranean termites utilise complex tunnel systems which web out from the colony in a 360 degree radius. This complex tunnel system enables them to remain undetected under the surface whilst foraging for wood to support their ever growing colony. Termites need three things to survive; a colony for shelter, food and water.
Termites live in a well structured environment made of four different castes, each caste has a specific role to play in the survival of the colony. Reproductive Kings and Queens are the power house behind the colony, with the queen laying a staggering 1000 or more eggs a day. The workers are the ones that cause all the damage to your home, they have the unenviable task of providing all the food for the colony, which can house up to 3 million individual termites. The soldier’s job is to safe guard the wellbeing of the colony and to protect the workers when scouting away from the colony in search of food. Soldiers are equipped with body cutting jaws, enabling them to quickly dispatch other invading insects. Termites survive by only eating cellulose, starches and sugars which they obtain from wood, the workers are the only caste that can process the cellulose into a paste for the other caste to feast upon. Picture the worker caste as little dairy cows returning to the milking shed to be milked, this is the day to day life of a worker nonstop foraging, processing and feeding the colony. Termites must have access to moisture which is needed to create the perfect humid environment, in some parts of the colony this can get as high as 100 per cent.
The three main termites that can cause structural damage to homes in Adelaide and the Adelaide Hills are the Coptotermes, Heterotermes and the Nasutitermes species. The only way to determine which type of termite you have found is with the soldier caste, this is the only caste that is easily identifiable.
Coptotermes are the most destructive of the three varieties and during the summer months can easily wreak havoc on your home. Coptotermes have a distinctive pear-shaped head and the soldiers are between 3.5 and 6.5 mm in length. They also discrete a white material from a pore in their head when threatened or disturbed.
Heterotermes are often found attacking timber sleepers and garden posts and are easily recognised by the soldiers’ rectangle shaped head and is normally around 5mm in length.
Nasutitermes are the most distinctive of all the termites with the soldiers head tapering down to a long snout almost duck like. Nasutitermes build their colonies in mounds around the foothills of South Australia and can become quite large, about the size of a basketball or possibly even bigger if left alone.
At EarthWise we use the latest environmentally friendly termite treatments, with the Sentricon II™ termite elimination system at the heart of it. With Sentricon we are able to take the fight straight to the front line “the colony” without the need to use harmful chemicals therefore protecting not only your home but your family.
Sentricon was design by Dow Agro Science with the Australian climate in mind.
For more information or to request a callback dial (08) 8334 1000
67 Magill Rd, Stepney, South Australia, 5069, firstname.lastname@example.org